Objective: To investigate the frequency and clinical correlates of anti-nerve autoantibodies in an unselected series of Italian patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) METHODS: Sera from 276 CIDP patients fulfilling the EFNS/PNS criteria and included in the Italian CIDP database were examined for the presence of anti-nerve autoantibodies. Results were correlated with the clinical data collected in the database. Results: Anti-neurofascin155 (NF155) antibodies were found in 9/258 (3.5%) patients, anti-contactin1 (CNTN1) antibodies in 4/258 (1.6%) patients, and anti-contactin-associated protein1 (Caspr1) in 1/197 (0.5%) patients, while none had reactivity to gliomedin or neurofascin 186. Predominance of IgG4 isotype was present in 7of the 9 examined patients. Anti-NF155 patients more frequently had ataxia, tremor, and higher CSF protein levels than antibody-negative patients. Anti-CNTN1 patients more frequently had a GBS-like onset, pain, and ataxia and had more severe motor impairment at enrollment than antibody-negative patients. They more frequently received plasmapheresis, possibly reflecting a less satisfactory response to IVIg or steroids. IgM antibodies against one or more gangliosides were found in 6.5% of the patients (17/260) and were more frequently directed against GM1 (3.9%). They were frequently associated with a progressive course, with a multifocal sensorimotor phenotype and less frequent cranial nerve involvement and ataxia. Conclusions: Anti-paranodal and anti-ganglioside antibodies are infrequent in patients with CIDP but are associated with some typical clinical association supporting the hypothesis that CIDP might be a pathogenically heterogeneous syndrome possibly explaining the different clinical presentations.

Frequency and clinical correlates of anti-nerve antibodies in a large population of CIDP patients included in the Italian database

Doneddu, Pietro Emiliano;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the frequency and clinical correlates of anti-nerve autoantibodies in an unselected series of Italian patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) METHODS: Sera from 276 CIDP patients fulfilling the EFNS/PNS criteria and included in the Italian CIDP database were examined for the presence of anti-nerve autoantibodies. Results were correlated with the clinical data collected in the database. Results: Anti-neurofascin155 (NF155) antibodies were found in 9/258 (3.5%) patients, anti-contactin1 (CNTN1) antibodies in 4/258 (1.6%) patients, and anti-contactin-associated protein1 (Caspr1) in 1/197 (0.5%) patients, while none had reactivity to gliomedin or neurofascin 186. Predominance of IgG4 isotype was present in 7of the 9 examined patients. Anti-NF155 patients more frequently had ataxia, tremor, and higher CSF protein levels than antibody-negative patients. Anti-CNTN1 patients more frequently had a GBS-like onset, pain, and ataxia and had more severe motor impairment at enrollment than antibody-negative patients. They more frequently received plasmapheresis, possibly reflecting a less satisfactory response to IVIg or steroids. IgM antibodies against one or more gangliosides were found in 6.5% of the patients (17/260) and were more frequently directed against GM1 (3.9%). They were frequently associated with a progressive course, with a multifocal sensorimotor phenotype and less frequent cranial nerve involvement and ataxia. Conclusions: Anti-paranodal and anti-ganglioside antibodies are infrequent in patients with CIDP but are associated with some typical clinical association supporting the hypothesis that CIDP might be a pathogenically heterogeneous syndrome possibly explaining the different clinical presentations.
2022
Anti-nerve antibodies
CIDP
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy
anti-ganglioside antibodies
paranodopathy
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/72316
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact