: Postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) level allows to rule out infectious complications ensuring safe hospital discharge in colorectal cancer surgery. Since its clinical significance in Crohn's disease (CD) has not been studied yet, we investigated whether CRP can guide decision-making on hospital discharge in this population. Only consecutive CD patients undergoing resections with primary anastomosis and without covering stoma (2013-2017) were analysed. Pre- and post-operative CRP values, measured daily until discharge, were correlated with postoperative complications including anastomotic leakage (AL), infectious and non-infectious complications. The diagnostic accuracy of CRP in predicting AL was evaluated according to the area under the curve (AUC), using the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) methodology. Two-hundred and fifty-one consecutive patients undergoing elective surgery for CD were selected. AL was diagnosed in 10 patients (4%). High CRP level was associated with AL on postoperative day (POD) 3-5 (p = 0.002, AUC 0.825) with a positive predictive value of 60%. CRP linear difference of 140 between POD 1 and 3 (AUC 0.800) maximizes sensitivity and specificity with a NPV of 98.6%. CRP trend, measured with the linear difference between POD 1 and 3, is able to rule out anastomotic complications with a high NPV and may allow a safe early hospital discharge after surgery for CD.

The trend of C-Reactive protein allows a safe early discharge after surgery for Crohn's disease

Carvello, Michele;Greco, Massimiliano;Foppa, Caterina;Fiorino, Gionata;Cecconi, Maurizio;Danese, Silvio;Spinelli, Antonino
2020-01-01

Abstract

: Postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) level allows to rule out infectious complications ensuring safe hospital discharge in colorectal cancer surgery. Since its clinical significance in Crohn's disease (CD) has not been studied yet, we investigated whether CRP can guide decision-making on hospital discharge in this population. Only consecutive CD patients undergoing resections with primary anastomosis and without covering stoma (2013-2017) were analysed. Pre- and post-operative CRP values, measured daily until discharge, were correlated with postoperative complications including anastomotic leakage (AL), infectious and non-infectious complications. The diagnostic accuracy of CRP in predicting AL was evaluated according to the area under the curve (AUC), using the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) methodology. Two-hundred and fifty-one consecutive patients undergoing elective surgery for CD were selected. AL was diagnosed in 10 patients (4%). High CRP level was associated with AL on postoperative day (POD) 3-5 (p = 0.002, AUC 0.825) with a positive predictive value of 60%. CRP linear difference of 140 between POD 1 and 3 (AUC 0.800) maximizes sensitivity and specificity with a NPV of 98.6%. CRP trend, measured with the linear difference between POD 1 and 3, is able to rule out anastomotic complications with a high NPV and may allow a safe early hospital discharge after surgery for CD.
2020
Anastomotic leakage
C-reactive protein
Crohn’s disease
Hospital discharge
Postoperative biomarkers
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/73132
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