Splicing mutations account for approximately 12% of the 1,890 cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutations described in cystic fibrosis (CF). However, their impact on pre-mRNA processing frequently remains unclear. An interesting opportunity to study CFTR transcripts in vivo involves the use of RNA from nasal brushings. Through this approach we previously identified a deep-intronic mutation (c.1584+18672A>G) that activates a 104-base pair (bp) out-of-frame pseudoexon by creating a donor splice site. The screening of 230 patients with CF identified c.1584+18672A>G in three additional individuals, demonstrating that it is a recurrent, and potentially overlooked, mutation among Italian patients. Haplotype analysis suggests that it originated from at least two independent events. To characterize the mutation further, a genomic region, including the activated pseudoexon and surrounding intronic sequences, was cloned into an expression vector and transfected into HeLa cells. RT-PCR analysis identified two alternative splicing products, produced by the activation of two different cryptic acceptor splice sites. One included the 104-bp pseudoexon (78.7% of transcripts), and the other led to the inclusion of a 65-bp pseudoexon (21.3% of mRNAs). The allele-specific measurement of wild-type and aberrant splicings from the nasal-brushing RNA of the three probands with genotype F508del/c.1584+18672A>G demonstrated: (1) a low level of pseudoexon inclusion in the F508del transcript (not containing the splicing mutation); (2) residual wild-type splicing in the c.1584+18672A>G mRNA; (3) the degradation of aberrant transcripts; and (4) the relative strength of the different cryptic splice sites. Interestingly, the residual wild-type splicing detected in transcripts bearing the c.1584+18672A>G mutation correlates well with the milder clinical phenotype of patients.

Fine characterization of the recurrent c.1584+18672A>G deep-intronic mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene

G. Solda';R. Asselta;S. Duga
2013

Abstract

Splicing mutations account for approximately 12% of the 1,890 cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutations described in cystic fibrosis (CF). However, their impact on pre-mRNA processing frequently remains unclear. An interesting opportunity to study CFTR transcripts in vivo involves the use of RNA from nasal brushings. Through this approach we previously identified a deep-intronic mutation (c.1584+18672A>G) that activates a 104-base pair (bp) out-of-frame pseudoexon by creating a donor splice site. The screening of 230 patients with CF identified c.1584+18672A>G in three additional individuals, demonstrating that it is a recurrent, and potentially overlooked, mutation among Italian patients. Haplotype analysis suggests that it originated from at least two independent events. To characterize the mutation further, a genomic region, including the activated pseudoexon and surrounding intronic sequences, was cloned into an expression vector and transfected into HeLa cells. RT-PCR analysis identified two alternative splicing products, produced by the activation of two different cryptic acceptor splice sites. One included the 104-bp pseudoexon (78.7% of transcripts), and the other led to the inclusion of a 65-bp pseudoexon (21.3% of mRNAs). The allele-specific measurement of wild-type and aberrant splicings from the nasal-brushing RNA of the three probands with genotype F508del/c.1584+18672A>G demonstrated: (1) a low level of pseudoexon inclusion in the F508del transcript (not containing the splicing mutation); (2) residual wild-type splicing in the c.1584+18672A>G mRNA; (3) the degradation of aberrant transcripts; and (4) the relative strength of the different cryptic splice sites. Interestingly, the residual wild-type splicing detected in transcripts bearing the c.1584+18672A>G mutation correlates well with the milder clinical phenotype of patients.
RNA splice sites; sequence deletion; adult; alternative splicing; base sequence; cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator; DNA mutational analysis; female; haplotypes; heLa cells; humans; infant; introns; male; molecular sequence data; mutation; nose; RNA Messenger
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/7334
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