BACKGROUND: Despite wide use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in several clinical settings, the beneficial effects of NIV in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to influenza infection remain controversial. The aim of this study was to identify the profile of patients with risk factors for NIV failure using chi-square automatic interaction detection (CHAD)) analysis and to determine whether NIV failure is associated with ICU mortality. METHODS: This work was a secondary analysis from prospective and observational multi-center analysis in critically ill subjects admitted to the ICU with ARF due to influenza infection requiring mechanical ventilation. Three groups of subjects were compared: (1) subjects who received NIV immediately after ICU admission for ARF and then failed (NW failure group); (2) subjects who received NW immediately after ICU admission for ARF and then succeeded (NW success group); and (3) subjects who received invasive mechanical ventilation immediately after ICU admission for ARF (invasive mechanical ventilation group). Profiles of subjects with risk factors for NW failure were obtained using CHAID analysis. RESULTS: Of 1,898 subjects, 806 underwent NW, and 56.8% of them failed. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, infiltrates in chest radiograph, and ICU mortality (38.4% vs 6.3%) were higher (P < .001) in the NIV failure than in the NIV success group. SOFA score was the variable most associated with NIV failure, and 2 cutoffs were determined. Subjects with SOFA >= 5 had a higher risk of NW failure (odds ratio = 3.3, 95% CI 2.4-4.5). ICU mortality was higher in subjects with NW failure (38.4%) compared with invasive mechanical ventilation subjects (31.3%, P = .018), and NW failure was associated with increased ICU mortality (odds ratio = 11.4, 95% CI 6.5-20.1). CONCLUSIONS: An automatic and non-subjective algorithm based on CHAD) decision-tree analysis can help to define the profile of patients with different risks of NW failure, which might be a promising tool to assist in clinical decision making to avoid the possible complications associated with NW failure.

Risk Factors for Noninvasive Ventilation Failure in Critically Ill Subjects With Confirmed Influenza Infection

S. Aliberti;
2017-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite wide use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in several clinical settings, the beneficial effects of NIV in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to influenza infection remain controversial. The aim of this study was to identify the profile of patients with risk factors for NIV failure using chi-square automatic interaction detection (CHAD)) analysis and to determine whether NIV failure is associated with ICU mortality. METHODS: This work was a secondary analysis from prospective and observational multi-center analysis in critically ill subjects admitted to the ICU with ARF due to influenza infection requiring mechanical ventilation. Three groups of subjects were compared: (1) subjects who received NIV immediately after ICU admission for ARF and then failed (NW failure group); (2) subjects who received NW immediately after ICU admission for ARF and then succeeded (NW success group); and (3) subjects who received invasive mechanical ventilation immediately after ICU admission for ARF (invasive mechanical ventilation group). Profiles of subjects with risk factors for NW failure were obtained using CHAID analysis. RESULTS: Of 1,898 subjects, 806 underwent NW, and 56.8% of them failed. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, infiltrates in chest radiograph, and ICU mortality (38.4% vs 6.3%) were higher (P < .001) in the NIV failure than in the NIV success group. SOFA score was the variable most associated with NIV failure, and 2 cutoffs were determined. Subjects with SOFA >= 5 had a higher risk of NW failure (odds ratio = 3.3, 95% CI 2.4-4.5). ICU mortality was higher in subjects with NW failure (38.4%) compared with invasive mechanical ventilation subjects (31.3%, P = .018), and NW failure was associated with increased ICU mortality (odds ratio = 11.4, 95% CI 6.5-20.1). CONCLUSIONS: An automatic and non-subjective algorithm based on CHAD) decision-tree analysis can help to define the profile of patients with different risks of NW failure, which might be a promising tool to assist in clinical decision making to avoid the possible complications associated with NW failure.
2017
CHAID analysis
influenza infection
noninvasive ventilation
prognosis
influenza infection
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/74634
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