Purpose: To investigate the impact on future reproductive potential of systemic methotrexate (MTX) administration, uterine artery embolization (UAE) and expectant management as treatments of caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and to assess their efficacy and safety. Basic procedures: We retrospectively analyzed patients with a diagnosis of CSP treated in a five years' period (2014-2018). Hospitalization, hCG normalization, menstrual cycle recovery, ultrasound restitutio ad integrum times, reproductive desire accomplishment after the resolution of the picture, and outcomes of subsequent pregnancies were considered. Only patients for whom complete diagnosis, treatment and follow-up data were available could be considered for study entry. Main findings: A total of 21 patients were included. Three of them were managed expectantly. In two cases spontaneous abortion occurred and one case underwent caesarean delivery at 35 weeks of gestation for complete placenta previa with hysterectomy for post partum haemorrhage. Seven patients were treated with systemic MTX. Median [IQR] times of hospitalization, hCG normalization, menstrual cycle recovery and ultrasound restitutio ad integrum were 21 days [10-26 days], 52 days [18-64 days], 8 weeks [6-10 weeks] and 8 weeks [6-11 weeks] respectively. At the end of follow up, 80% (95%CI [38-96%]) of patients with reproductive desire achieved at least one live birth. Eleven patients were treated with UAE combined with MTX. Median [IQR] times of hospitalization, hCG normalization, menstrual cycle recovery and ultrasound restitutio ad integrum were 14 days [12-20 days], 43 days [30-52 days], 8 weeks [4-12 weeks] and 8 weeks [8-10 weeks], respectively. Of those who expressed a reproductive desire after treatment, 80% (95%CI [49-94%]) achieved at least one live birth. In all included patients, the menstrual cycle was restored. Principal conclusions: Reproductive potential of women treated for CSP was preserved after both systemic MTX administration and systemic MTX combined with UAE. Both strategies proved to be safe.

Different management strategies for cesarean scar pregnancy: short-term outcomes and reproductive prognosis

Busnelli, Andrea
;
Simone, Nicoletta DI;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the impact on future reproductive potential of systemic methotrexate (MTX) administration, uterine artery embolization (UAE) and expectant management as treatments of caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and to assess their efficacy and safety. Basic procedures: We retrospectively analyzed patients with a diagnosis of CSP treated in a five years' period (2014-2018). Hospitalization, hCG normalization, menstrual cycle recovery, ultrasound restitutio ad integrum times, reproductive desire accomplishment after the resolution of the picture, and outcomes of subsequent pregnancies were considered. Only patients for whom complete diagnosis, treatment and follow-up data were available could be considered for study entry. Main findings: A total of 21 patients were included. Three of them were managed expectantly. In two cases spontaneous abortion occurred and one case underwent caesarean delivery at 35 weeks of gestation for complete placenta previa with hysterectomy for post partum haemorrhage. Seven patients were treated with systemic MTX. Median [IQR] times of hospitalization, hCG normalization, menstrual cycle recovery and ultrasound restitutio ad integrum were 21 days [10-26 days], 52 days [18-64 days], 8 weeks [6-10 weeks] and 8 weeks [6-11 weeks] respectively. At the end of follow up, 80% (95%CI [38-96%]) of patients with reproductive desire achieved at least one live birth. Eleven patients were treated with UAE combined with MTX. Median [IQR] times of hospitalization, hCG normalization, menstrual cycle recovery and ultrasound restitutio ad integrum were 14 days [12-20 days], 43 days [30-52 days], 8 weeks [4-12 weeks] and 8 weeks [8-10 weeks], respectively. Of those who expressed a reproductive desire after treatment, 80% (95%CI [49-94%]) achieved at least one live birth. In all included patients, the menstrual cycle was restored. Principal conclusions: Reproductive potential of women treated for CSP was preserved after both systemic MTX administration and systemic MTX combined with UAE. Both strategies proved to be safe.
2023
caesarean scar pregnancy
fertility
reproductive prognosis
uterine artery embolization
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/75202
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact