Objective: To determine the oncological outcomes of salvage transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) in the treatment of patients suffering from recurrent laryngeal cancer. Methods: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were searched. English language, original studies investigating oncological outcomes of TLM in adult patients with recurrent laryngeal cancer were included. Data were pooled using a distribution-free approach for estimating summary local control (LC), disease-specific survival (DSS), and overall survival (OS) curves with random effects. Results: Two hundred and thirty-five patients underwent salvage TLM after primary (chemo)radiotherapy. The mean follow-up time was 60.8 months (95% CI: 32.7-88.9). Estimated pooled LC rates (95% CI) at 1, 3 and 5 years were 74.2% (61.7-89.4), 53.9% (38.5-75.3), and 39.1% (25.2-60.8). Estimated pooled DSS rates (95% CI) at 1, 3 and 5 years were 88.4% (82.0-95.3), 67.8% (50.9-90.3), and 58.9% (42.7-81.1). Two hundred and seventy-one patients underwent TLM after primary laser treatment. The mean follow-up time was 70.9 months (95% CI: 36.9-104.9). Estimated pooled LC rates (95% CI) at 1, 3 and 5 years were 72.2% (64.7-80.6), 53.2% (42.2-66.9), and 40.4% (29.6-55.2). Estimated pooled DSS rates (95% CI) at 1, 3 and 5 years were 92.1% (85.5-99.1), 77.0% (64.4-92.0), and 67.1% (51.6-87.3). Conclusions: TLM is a valuable treatment option for the management of locally recurrent laryngeal carcinoma if performed by experienced surgeons and following rigorous patients' selection criteria. Further studies should be conducted to define stage-based clinical guidelines. Level of evidence: NA Laryngoscope, 133:1425-1433, 2023.

Transoral Laser Microsurgery in Recurrent Laryngeal Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Spriano, Giuseppe;Mercante, Giuseppe;De Virgilio, Armando
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To determine the oncological outcomes of salvage transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) in the treatment of patients suffering from recurrent laryngeal cancer. Methods: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were searched. English language, original studies investigating oncological outcomes of TLM in adult patients with recurrent laryngeal cancer were included. Data were pooled using a distribution-free approach for estimating summary local control (LC), disease-specific survival (DSS), and overall survival (OS) curves with random effects. Results: Two hundred and thirty-five patients underwent salvage TLM after primary (chemo)radiotherapy. The mean follow-up time was 60.8 months (95% CI: 32.7-88.9). Estimated pooled LC rates (95% CI) at 1, 3 and 5 years were 74.2% (61.7-89.4), 53.9% (38.5-75.3), and 39.1% (25.2-60.8). Estimated pooled DSS rates (95% CI) at 1, 3 and 5 years were 88.4% (82.0-95.3), 67.8% (50.9-90.3), and 58.9% (42.7-81.1). Two hundred and seventy-one patients underwent TLM after primary laser treatment. The mean follow-up time was 70.9 months (95% CI: 36.9-104.9). Estimated pooled LC rates (95% CI) at 1, 3 and 5 years were 72.2% (64.7-80.6), 53.2% (42.2-66.9), and 40.4% (29.6-55.2). Estimated pooled DSS rates (95% CI) at 1, 3 and 5 years were 92.1% (85.5-99.1), 77.0% (64.4-92.0), and 67.1% (51.6-87.3). Conclusions: TLM is a valuable treatment option for the management of locally recurrent laryngeal carcinoma if performed by experienced surgeons and following rigorous patients' selection criteria. Further studies should be conducted to define stage-based clinical guidelines. Level of evidence: NA Laryngoscope, 133:1425-1433, 2023.
2023
local control
recurrent laryngeal carcinoma
salvage surgery
survival
transoral laser microsurgery
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/77563
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