Background and purpose: To answer an important question regarding the long-term morbidity of two oncological equivalent treatment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), namely a comparison of swallowing function results between patients treated with trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS) versus patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). Materials and methods: Studies included patients with OPSCC treated with TORS or RT. Articles reporting complete data on MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) and comparing the two treatments (TORS vs RT) were included in the meta-analysis. Swallowing assessed with MDADI was the primary outcome, the evaluation with instrumental methods was the secondary aim. Results: Included studies provided a total of 196 OPSCC primarily treated with TORS vs 283 OPSCC primarily treated with RT. The mean difference in MDADI score at the longest follow-up was not significantly different between TORS and RT group (mean difference [MD] -0.52; 95% CI -4.53-3.48; p = 0.80). After treatment, mean composite MDADI scores demonstrated a slight impairment in both groups without reaching a statistical difference compared to the baseline status. DIGEST score and Yale score showed a significantly worse function in both treatment groups at 12-month follow-up compared to baseline status. Conclusion: The meta-analysis demonstrates that up-front TORS (+- adjuvant therapy) and up-front RT (+- CT) appear to be equivalent treatments in functional outcomes in T1-T2, N0-2 OPSCC, however, both treatments cause impaired swallowing ability. Clinicians should have a holistic approach and work with patients to develop an individualized nutrition plan and swallowing rehabilitation protocol from diagnosis to post-treatment surveillance.

Treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: Is swallowing quality better after TORS or RT?

De Virgilio, Armando;Mercante, Giuseppe;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background and purpose: To answer an important question regarding the long-term morbidity of two oncological equivalent treatment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), namely a comparison of swallowing function results between patients treated with trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS) versus patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). Materials and methods: Studies included patients with OPSCC treated with TORS or RT. Articles reporting complete data on MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) and comparing the two treatments (TORS vs RT) were included in the meta-analysis. Swallowing assessed with MDADI was the primary outcome, the evaluation with instrumental methods was the secondary aim. Results: Included studies provided a total of 196 OPSCC primarily treated with TORS vs 283 OPSCC primarily treated with RT. The mean difference in MDADI score at the longest follow-up was not significantly different between TORS and RT group (mean difference [MD] -0.52; 95% CI -4.53-3.48; p = 0.80). After treatment, mean composite MDADI scores demonstrated a slight impairment in both groups without reaching a statistical difference compared to the baseline status. DIGEST score and Yale score showed a significantly worse function in both treatment groups at 12-month follow-up compared to baseline status. Conclusion: The meta-analysis demonstrates that up-front TORS (+- adjuvant therapy) and up-front RT (+- CT) appear to be equivalent treatments in functional outcomes in T1-T2, N0-2 OPSCC, however, both treatments cause impaired swallowing ability. Clinicians should have a holistic approach and work with patients to develop an individualized nutrition plan and swallowing rehabilitation protocol from diagnosis to post-treatment surveillance.
2023
Funtional outcomes
MDADI
Oropharyngeal carcinoma
Quality of life
RT
TORS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/77625
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