BACKGROUND: Few investigators have described en bloc resection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) invading the aorta. AIM OF STUDY: Analysis of outcome and prognostic factors for en bloc resections of NSCLC invading the aorta. METHODS: Thirty-five patients (27 males, 8 females; mean age 63 ± 8.6 years) were operated between 1994 and 2015 in four European Centers. HISTOLOGY: 12 (34.3%) squamous cell carcinoma, and 6 (17.1%) undifferentiated/large cell carcinoma. The site of aortic infiltration was the descending thoracic aorta in 24 (68.6%) patients, the aortic arch in 9 (25.7%), and the aortic arch and supraortic trunks in 2 (5.7%). RESULTS: Lung resection consisted of pneumonectomy in 19 (54.3%) patients and lobectomy in 16 (45.7%). Aortic resection management was undertaken by endograft positioning (37.1%), subadventitial dissection (37.1%), cardiopulmonary/aorto-aortic bypass (17.2%), and direct clamping (8.6%). A tubular graft replacement was carried out in five cases, a synthetic patch repair in 6. Mortality was 2.9%, morbidity 37.1%. Patients undergoing pneumonectomy had a significantly higher morbidity rate compared with lobectomy (52% vs 18.7%; P = 0.003), although patients managed with aortic endografting had a lower complication rate. Median overall and disease-free survival rates were 31.3 and 22.2 months, respectively. Gender and site of aortic infiltration were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Resection of NSCLC combined with an infiltrated aorta is a challenging procedure that can be performed with reasonable morbidity and mortality in highly selected patients.

Surgery for T4 lung cancer invading the thoracic aorta: Do we push the limits?

Marulli, Giuseppe;
2017-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Few investigators have described en bloc resection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) invading the aorta. AIM OF STUDY: Analysis of outcome and prognostic factors for en bloc resections of NSCLC invading the aorta. METHODS: Thirty-five patients (27 males, 8 females; mean age 63 ± 8.6 years) were operated between 1994 and 2015 in four European Centers. HISTOLOGY: 12 (34.3%) squamous cell carcinoma, and 6 (17.1%) undifferentiated/large cell carcinoma. The site of aortic infiltration was the descending thoracic aorta in 24 (68.6%) patients, the aortic arch in 9 (25.7%), and the aortic arch and supraortic trunks in 2 (5.7%). RESULTS: Lung resection consisted of pneumonectomy in 19 (54.3%) patients and lobectomy in 16 (45.7%). Aortic resection management was undertaken by endograft positioning (37.1%), subadventitial dissection (37.1%), cardiopulmonary/aorto-aortic bypass (17.2%), and direct clamping (8.6%). A tubular graft replacement was carried out in five cases, a synthetic patch repair in 6. Mortality was 2.9%, morbidity 37.1%. Patients undergoing pneumonectomy had a significantly higher morbidity rate compared with lobectomy (52% vs 18.7%; P = 0.003), although patients managed with aortic endografting had a lower complication rate. Median overall and disease-free survival rates were 31.3 and 22.2 months, respectively. Gender and site of aortic infiltration were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Resection of NSCLC combined with an infiltrated aorta is a challenging procedure that can be performed with reasonable morbidity and mortality in highly selected patients.
2017
aorta
aortic operation
endovascular procedures
lung cancer
lung cancer surgery
Aged
Aorta
Thoracic
Female
Humans
Lung Neoplasms
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Invasiveness
Pneumonectomy
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Surgery
Oncology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/78487
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