: Pirfenidone and nintedanib are antifibrotic medications approved for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis treatment by regulatory agencies and available for clinical use worldwide. These drugs have been shown to reduce the rate of decline in forced vital capacity and the risk of acute exacerbation among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Recent data suggest that different interstitial lung diseases with a progressive pulmonary fibrosis phenotype can share similar pathogenetic and biological pathways and could be amenable to antifibrotic therapies. Indeed, historical management strategies in interstitial lung disease have failed to identify potential treatments once progression has occurred despite available drugs. In this systematic review, we summarized data on the efficacy of pirfenidone and nintedanib in interstitial lung diseases other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis as well as ongoing and upcoming clinical trials. We identify two well-designed trials regarding nintedanib demonstrating the efficacy of this drug in slowing disease progression in patients with interstitial lung diseases other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. On the other hand, results on the use of pirfenidone in interstitial lung diseases other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis should be interpreted with more caution on the basis of trial limitations. Several randomized control trials are underway to improve the quality of evidence in the interstitial lung disease field.

Efficacy of Pirfenidone and Nintedanib in Interstitial Lung Diseases Other than Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Systematic Review

Amati, Francesco;Stainer, Anna;Aliberti, Stefano
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Pirfenidone and nintedanib are antifibrotic medications approved for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis treatment by regulatory agencies and available for clinical use worldwide. These drugs have been shown to reduce the rate of decline in forced vital capacity and the risk of acute exacerbation among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Recent data suggest that different interstitial lung diseases with a progressive pulmonary fibrosis phenotype can share similar pathogenetic and biological pathways and could be amenable to antifibrotic therapies. Indeed, historical management strategies in interstitial lung disease have failed to identify potential treatments once progression has occurred despite available drugs. In this systematic review, we summarized data on the efficacy of pirfenidone and nintedanib in interstitial lung diseases other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis as well as ongoing and upcoming clinical trials. We identify two well-designed trials regarding nintedanib demonstrating the efficacy of this drug in slowing disease progression in patients with interstitial lung diseases other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. On the other hand, results on the use of pirfenidone in interstitial lung diseases other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis should be interpreted with more caution on the basis of trial limitations. Several randomized control trials are underway to improve the quality of evidence in the interstitial lung disease field.
2023
efficacy
forced vital capacity
interstitial lung diseases
nintedanib
pirfenidone
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/78754
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact