Background & Aims: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a primary liver tumour, characterized by poor prognosis and lack of effective therapy. The cytoskeleton protein Filamin A (FLNA) is involved in cancer progression and metastasis, including primary liver cancer. FLNA is cleaved by calpain, producing a 90 kDa fragment (FLNACT) that can translocate to the nucleus and inhibit gene transcription. We herein aim to define the role of FLNA and its cleavage in iCCA carcinogenesis.Methods & Results: We evaluated the expression and localization of FLNA and FLNA(CT) in liver samples from iCCA patients (n = 82) revealing that FLNA expression was independently correlated with disease-free survival. Primary tumour cells isolated from resected iCCA patients expressed both FLNA and FLNA(CT), and bulk RNA sequencing revealed a significant enrichment of cell proliferation and cell motility pathways in iCCAs with high FLNA expression. Further, we defined the impact of FLNA and FLNA(CT) on the proliferation and migration of primary iCCA cells (n = 3) and HuCCT1 cell line using silencing and Calpeptin, a calpain inhibitor. We observed that FLNA silencing decreased cell proliferation and migration and Calpeptin was able to reduce FLNA(CT) expression in both the HuCCT1 and iCCA cells (p < .05 vs. control). Moreover, Calpeptin 100 mu M decreased HuCCT1 and primary iCCA cell proliferation (p <.00001 vs. control) and migration (p < .05 vs. control).Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that FLNA is involved in human iCCA progression and calpeptin strongly decreased FLNACT expression, reducing cell proliferation and migration.

Filamin A is involved in human intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma aggressiveness and progression

Trivellin, Giampaolo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Di Tommaso, Luca;Torzilli, Guido;Lleo, Ana;Lania, Andrea G;Donadon, Matteo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background & Aims: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a primary liver tumour, characterized by poor prognosis and lack of effective therapy. The cytoskeleton protein Filamin A (FLNA) is involved in cancer progression and metastasis, including primary liver cancer. FLNA is cleaved by calpain, producing a 90 kDa fragment (FLNACT) that can translocate to the nucleus and inhibit gene transcription. We herein aim to define the role of FLNA and its cleavage in iCCA carcinogenesis.Methods & Results: We evaluated the expression and localization of FLNA and FLNA(CT) in liver samples from iCCA patients (n = 82) revealing that FLNA expression was independently correlated with disease-free survival. Primary tumour cells isolated from resected iCCA patients expressed both FLNA and FLNA(CT), and bulk RNA sequencing revealed a significant enrichment of cell proliferation and cell motility pathways in iCCAs with high FLNA expression. Further, we defined the impact of FLNA and FLNA(CT) on the proliferation and migration of primary iCCA cells (n = 3) and HuCCT1 cell line using silencing and Calpeptin, a calpain inhibitor. We observed that FLNA silencing decreased cell proliferation and migration and Calpeptin was able to reduce FLNA(CT) expression in both the HuCCT1 and iCCA cells (p < .05 vs. control). Moreover, Calpeptin 100 mu M decreased HuCCT1 and primary iCCA cell proliferation (p <.00001 vs. control) and migration (p < .05 vs. control).Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that FLNA is involved in human iCCA progression and calpeptin strongly decreased FLNACT expression, reducing cell proliferation and migration.
2023
calpeptin
cholangiocarcinoma
cleavage
cytoskeleton
liver cancer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/79745
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