Mycosis fungoides (MF) is a rare disease and is the most common form of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Topical chlormethine (CL) gel is the first cytotoxic chemotherapy gel that was specifically developed for treatment of MF. In this review, we provide an overview of all available data on the use of CL gel for treatment of patients with MF. On the basis of the current data collected, CL gel is highly effective, with good response rates observed both in clinical trial and real-world settings. While the gel is approved for monotherapy, it is also used in combination with concomitant skin-directed or systemic therapies in clinical practice. Responses to CL gel treatment can be rapid, but they also frequently occur with a delayed onset of up to 6 months. This indicates that continued treatment with CL gel is important. CL gel has a manageable safety profile, with most adverse events being mild and skin related. Contact dermatitis is one of the more common skin-related adverse events to occur with CL gel treatment that can potentially lead to treatment discontinuation. The data from the literature indicate that patients being treated with CL gel should be monitored carefully, and that dermatitis must be managed effectively to allow patients to continue treatment and achieve the best possible response to treatment.

Chlormethine Gel for Patients with Mycosis Fungoides Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma: A Review of Efficacy and Safety in Clinical Trial and Real-World Settings

Ardigo', Marco;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is a rare disease and is the most common form of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Topical chlormethine (CL) gel is the first cytotoxic chemotherapy gel that was specifically developed for treatment of MF. In this review, we provide an overview of all available data on the use of CL gel for treatment of patients with MF. On the basis of the current data collected, CL gel is highly effective, with good response rates observed both in clinical trial and real-world settings. While the gel is approved for monotherapy, it is also used in combination with concomitant skin-directed or systemic therapies in clinical practice. Responses to CL gel treatment can be rapid, but they also frequently occur with a delayed onset of up to 6 months. This indicates that continued treatment with CL gel is important. CL gel has a manageable safety profile, with most adverse events being mild and skin related. Contact dermatitis is one of the more common skin-related adverse events to occur with CL gel treatment that can potentially lead to treatment discontinuation. The data from the literature indicate that patients being treated with CL gel should be monitored carefully, and that dermatitis must be managed effectively to allow patients to continue treatment and achieve the best possible response to treatment.
2022
CL gel
Chlormethine gel
MF
Mycosis fungoides
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/80077
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