Background: Differences in pharmacodynamic and pharma- cokinetic characteristics among serotonin-receptor antagonists have been reported in preclinical studies. This prompted us to carry out a study to determine whether such differences are important in terms of clinical efficacy or tolerability. Patients and methods: 973 consecutive cancer patients scheduled to receive cisplatin for the first time (at doses greater than or equal to 50 mg(2)), entered a double-blind multicenter randomized study comparing intravenous ondansetron 8 mg versus granisetron 3 mg. Dexamethasone 20 mg was added to both serotonin antagonists. On days 2 to 4 after chemotherapy all patients received oral metoclopramide plus intramuscular dexamethasone as antiemetic prophylaxis for delayed emesis. Nausea and vomiting were assessed daily until day 6 after chemotherapy. Results: We evaluated 966 patients (483 receiving ondansetron and 483 granisetron). Complete protection from acute vomiting/nausea was obtained in 79.3%/72.0% of patients receiving ondansetron and in 79.9%/71.8% of those receiving granisetron. Complete protection from delayed vomiting/nausea was obtained in 69.7%/52.9% and 70.0%/49.6% of patients receiving the ondansetron or granisetron regimens, respectively. Adverse effects were mild and not significantly different between the two antiemetic regimens. Conclusions: Ondansetron 8 mg and granisetron 3 mg, both combined with dexamethasone, showed similar efficacy and tolerability in the prevention of cisplatin-induced emesis. The choice between the two regimens can be dictated by their respective purchase prices.
|Titolo:||Ondansetron versus granisetron, both combined with dexamethasone, in the prevention of cisplatin-induced emesis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|