Background: Recurrent or metastatic (R/M) skin squamous cell carcinoma (sSCC) not amenable of surgery or irradiation may benefit from systemic therapies. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors and, more recently, immune checkpoint blockers (ICBs) showed activity in R/M sSCC. In this study, we aimed at exploring the possible role of PD-L1 expression in predicting response to anti-EGFR agents. Methods: Patients affected by R/M sSCC, treated with pan-HER inhibitor dacomitinib or with platinum-based chemotherapy with cetuximab (CT-cet) from 2010 to 2016, were considered. PD-L1 expression was assessed with immunohistochemistry on tumor cells (TCs) and on microenvironment (TC and tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte [IC] scores, respectively). Prognostic role of PD-L1 and the correlation with response to EGFR inhibitors and survival were analyzed. Results: Twenty-eight R/M sSCCs were analyzed (19 treated with dacomitinib, 9 with CT-cet). TC and IC were negative in 82 and 45% of cases, respectively; 15% sSCCs were both TC and IC positive. Progression-free survival (PFS) was longer in IC-positive cases (median 7.5 months vs. 2.1 in IC0, p = 0.02). No statistically significant differences were observed between PD-L1 expression and both overall survival and response rates. Conclusion: PD-L1 expression in microenvironment predicted better PFS. The combination of EGFR inhibitors and ICB could help deepening the knowledge about the interrelations between the EGFR and PD-1/PD-L1 pathways.

PD-L1 Expression in Unresectable Locally Advanced or Metastatic Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treated with Anti-Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Agents

Bossi P.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background: Recurrent or metastatic (R/M) skin squamous cell carcinoma (sSCC) not amenable of surgery or irradiation may benefit from systemic therapies. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors and, more recently, immune checkpoint blockers (ICBs) showed activity in R/M sSCC. In this study, we aimed at exploring the possible role of PD-L1 expression in predicting response to anti-EGFR agents. Methods: Patients affected by R/M sSCC, treated with pan-HER inhibitor dacomitinib or with platinum-based chemotherapy with cetuximab (CT-cet) from 2010 to 2016, were considered. PD-L1 expression was assessed with immunohistochemistry on tumor cells (TCs) and on microenvironment (TC and tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte [IC] scores, respectively). Prognostic role of PD-L1 and the correlation with response to EGFR inhibitors and survival were analyzed. Results: Twenty-eight R/M sSCCs were analyzed (19 treated with dacomitinib, 9 with CT-cet). TC and IC were negative in 82 and 45% of cases, respectively; 15% sSCCs were both TC and IC positive. Progression-free survival (PFS) was longer in IC-positive cases (median 7.5 months vs. 2.1 in IC0, p = 0.02). No statistically significant differences were observed between PD-L1 expression and both overall survival and response rates. Conclusion: PD-L1 expression in microenvironment predicted better PFS. The combination of EGFR inhibitors and ICB could help deepening the knowledge about the interrelations between the EGFR and PD-1/PD-L1 pathways.
2019
Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor treatment
Epidermal growth factor receptor
Outcome
PD-L1
Skin squamous cell carcinoma
Adult
Aged
Aged
80 and over
B7-H1 Antigen
Carcinoma
Squamous Cell
ErbB Receptors
Female
Humans
Immunohistochemistry
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Metastasis
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Skin Neoplasms
Survival Analysis
Tumor Microenvironment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/80857
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