Background Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are a therapeutic strategy for various cancers although only a subset of patients respond to the therapy. Identifying patients more prone to respond to ICIs may increase the therapeutic benefit and allow studying new approaches for resistant patients.Methods We analyzed the TCGA cohort of HNSCC patients in relation to their activation of 26 immune gene expression signatures, as well as their cell type composition, in order to define signaling pathways associated with resistance to ICIs. Results were validated on two cohorts of 102 HNSCC patients and 139 HNSCC patients under treatment with PD-L1 inhibitors, respectively, and a cohort of 108 HNSCC HPV negative patients and by in vitro experiments in HNSCC cell lines.Results We observed a significant association between the gene set and TP53 gene status and OS and PFS of HNSCC patients. Surprisingly, the presence of a TP53 mutation together with another co-driver mutation was associated with significantly higher levels of the immune gene expression, in comparison to tumors in which the TP53 gene was mutated alone. In addition, the higher level of TP53 mutated-dependent MYC signature was associated with lower levels of the immune gene expression signature. In vitro and three different patient cohorts validation analyses corroborated these findings.Conclusions Immune gene signature sets associated with TP53 status and co-mutations classify with more accuracy HNSCC patients. These biomarkers may be easily implemented in clinical setting.

Immunosignatures associated with TP53 status and co-mutations classify prognostically head and neck cancer patients

Bossi, Paolo;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are a therapeutic strategy for various cancers although only a subset of patients respond to the therapy. Identifying patients more prone to respond to ICIs may increase the therapeutic benefit and allow studying new approaches for resistant patients.Methods We analyzed the TCGA cohort of HNSCC patients in relation to their activation of 26 immune gene expression signatures, as well as their cell type composition, in order to define signaling pathways associated with resistance to ICIs. Results were validated on two cohorts of 102 HNSCC patients and 139 HNSCC patients under treatment with PD-L1 inhibitors, respectively, and a cohort of 108 HNSCC HPV negative patients and by in vitro experiments in HNSCC cell lines.Results We observed a significant association between the gene set and TP53 gene status and OS and PFS of HNSCC patients. Surprisingly, the presence of a TP53 mutation together with another co-driver mutation was associated with significantly higher levels of the immune gene expression, in comparison to tumors in which the TP53 gene was mutated alone. In addition, the higher level of TP53 mutated-dependent MYC signature was associated with lower levels of the immune gene expression signature. In vitro and three different patient cohorts validation analyses corroborated these findings.Conclusions Immune gene signature sets associated with TP53 status and co-mutations classify with more accuracy HNSCC patients. These biomarkers may be easily implemented in clinical setting.
2023
HNSCC
Immune checkpoint inhibitor
Immunotherapy
PDL1
PI3K
c-MYC
p53
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/81004
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact