Background Among the risk factors for SCC-HN, smoking is still the most important today. Several studies agree on the effect of smoking on tumor microenvironment while the definition of former smokers and the time of smoking cessation on biologic effect differs among papers. Summary There is evidence that smoker patients have a poorer prognosis than never smokers and former smokers. Translational studies show a relationship between smoking status and gene expression and support the importance of smoking cessation, for instance, demonstrating an inverse relationship between TILs and smoking. Key Messages. Convincing data suggest that quitting smoking at any time may improve patient outcomes. We advocate smoking cessation also after cancer diagnosis.

Why Oncologists Should Feel Directly Involved in Persuading Patients with Head and Neck Cancer to Quit Smoking

Bossi, Paolo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background Among the risk factors for SCC-HN, smoking is still the most important today. Several studies agree on the effect of smoking on tumor microenvironment while the definition of former smokers and the time of smoking cessation on biologic effect differs among papers. Summary There is evidence that smoker patients have a poorer prognosis than never smokers and former smokers. Translational studies show a relationship between smoking status and gene expression and support the importance of smoking cessation, for instance, demonstrating an inverse relationship between TILs and smoking. Key Messages. Convincing data suggest that quitting smoking at any time may improve patient outcomes. We advocate smoking cessation also after cancer diagnosis.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/81014
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact