The aim of this study was to evaluate whether right ventricle dilation at computed tomography (CT) angiography can be used to assess the risk of death in patients with acute pulmonary embolism. Medline and EMBASE were searched up to April 30, 2013. Studies reporting on the association between right ventricle dilation (right-to-left ventricle diameter) or dysfunction (inter-ventricular septal bowing) at CT angiography and death at 30 days, as well as at 3 months in patients with acute pulmonary embolism, were included in a systematic review and meta-analysis. CT-detected right ventricle dilation was associated with an increased 30 day-mortality in all-comers with pulmonary embolism (OR 2.08 (95% CI 1.63-2.66); p0.00001) and in haemodynamically stable patients (OR 1.64 (95% CI 1.06-2.52); p=0.03), as well as with death due to pulmonary embolism (OR 7.35 (95% CI 3.59-15.09); p0.00001). An association between right ventricle dilation and 3-month mortality was also observed (OR 4.65 (95% CI 1.79-12.07); p=0.002). Right-to-left ventricle dilation as assessed by CT angiography can be used to evaluate risk of death in all-comers with pulmonary embolism and in haemodynamically stable patients.

Computed tomography to assess risk of death in acute pulmonary embolism : a meta-analysis

F. Germini;
2014-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether right ventricle dilation at computed tomography (CT) angiography can be used to assess the risk of death in patients with acute pulmonary embolism. Medline and EMBASE were searched up to April 30, 2013. Studies reporting on the association between right ventricle dilation (right-to-left ventricle diameter) or dysfunction (inter-ventricular septal bowing) at CT angiography and death at 30 days, as well as at 3 months in patients with acute pulmonary embolism, were included in a systematic review and meta-analysis. CT-detected right ventricle dilation was associated with an increased 30 day-mortality in all-comers with pulmonary embolism (OR 2.08 (95% CI 1.63-2.66); p0.00001) and in haemodynamically stable patients (OR 1.64 (95% CI 1.06-2.52); p=0.03), as well as with death due to pulmonary embolism (OR 7.35 (95% CI 3.59-15.09); p0.00001). An association between right ventricle dilation and 3-month mortality was also observed (OR 4.65 (95% CI 1.79-12.07); p=0.002). Right-to-left ventricle dilation as assessed by CT angiography can be used to evaluate risk of death in all-comers with pulmonary embolism and in haemodynamically stable patients.
2014
Acute Disease
Angiography
Heart Ventricles
Hemodynamics
Humans
Odds Ratio
Predictive Value of Tests
Pulmonary Embolism
Risk
Time Factors
Tomography
X-Ray Computed
Treatment Outcome
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Medicine (all)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/81502
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 132
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 120
social impact