In an attempt to reduce some of the delayed sequelae associated with combined modality therapy in Hodgkin's disease, we randomly tested stages IIB, IIIA, and IIIB MOPP (mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone) v ABVD (Adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine). In 232 previously untreated patients, three cycles of either combination preceded and followed extensive irradiation. The complete remission rate was 80.7% following MOPP and 92.4% following ABVD (P less than .02). The 7-year results indicated that ABVD was superior to MOPP in terms of freedom from progression (80.8% v 62.8%; P less than .002), relapse-free survival (87.7% v 77.2%; P = .06), and overall survival (77.4% v 67.9%; P = .03). Moreover, the comparative iatrogenic morbidity showed that irreversible gonadal dysfunction as well as acute leukemia occurred only in patients subjected to MOPP, while cardiopulmonary studies failed to document significant laboratory differences between the two treatment groups. Present findings indicate that ABVD followed by extensive irradiation represents a valid therapeutic alternative to the widely used alkylating agent-containing regimens plus radiotherapy.
|Titolo:||Long-term results of combined chemotherapy-radiotherapy approach in Hodgkin's disease: superiority of ABVD plus radiotherapy versus MOPP plus radiotherapy.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1987|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|