Predicting the toxicity of cancer immunotherapies preclinically is challenging because models of tumours and healthy organs do not typically fully recapitulate the expression of relevant human antigens. Here we show that patient-derived intestinal organoids and tumouroids supplemented with immune cells can be used to study the on-target off-tumour toxicities of T-cell-engaging bispecific antibodies (TCBs), and to capture clinical toxicities not predicted by conventional tissue-based models as well as inter-patient variabilities in TCB responses. We analysed the mechanisms of T-cell-mediated damage of neoplastic and donor-matched healthy epithelia at a single-cell resolution using multiplexed immunofluorescence. We found that TCBs that target the epithelial cell-adhesion molecule led to apoptosis in healthy organoids in accordance with clinical observations, and that apoptosis is associated with T-cell activation, cytokine release and intra-epithelial T-cell infiltration. Conversely, tumour organoids were more resistant to damage, probably owing to a reduced efficiency of T-cell infiltration within the epithelium. Patient-derived intestinal organoids can aid the study of immune-epithelial interactions as well as the preclinical and clinical development of cancer immunotherapies.Patient-derived intestinal organoids and tumouroids supplemented with immune cells can be used to predict and study the on-target off-tumour toxicities of T-cell-engaging bispecific antibodies and to capture inter-patient variabilities in the responses to the antibodies.

Analysis of off-tumour toxicities of T-cell-engaging bispecific antibodies via donor-matched intestinal organoids and tumouroids

Piscuoglio, Salvatore;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Predicting the toxicity of cancer immunotherapies preclinically is challenging because models of tumours and healthy organs do not typically fully recapitulate the expression of relevant human antigens. Here we show that patient-derived intestinal organoids and tumouroids supplemented with immune cells can be used to study the on-target off-tumour toxicities of T-cell-engaging bispecific antibodies (TCBs), and to capture clinical toxicities not predicted by conventional tissue-based models as well as inter-patient variabilities in TCB responses. We analysed the mechanisms of T-cell-mediated damage of neoplastic and donor-matched healthy epithelia at a single-cell resolution using multiplexed immunofluorescence. We found that TCBs that target the epithelial cell-adhesion molecule led to apoptosis in healthy organoids in accordance with clinical observations, and that apoptosis is associated with T-cell activation, cytokine release and intra-epithelial T-cell infiltration. Conversely, tumour organoids were more resistant to damage, probably owing to a reduced efficiency of T-cell infiltration within the epithelium. Patient-derived intestinal organoids can aid the study of immune-epithelial interactions as well as the preclinical and clinical development of cancer immunotherapies.Patient-derived intestinal organoids and tumouroids supplemented with immune cells can be used to predict and study the on-target off-tumour toxicities of T-cell-engaging bispecific antibodies and to capture inter-patient variabilities in the responses to the antibodies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/84530
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