Background: Little information is available for the outcomes of conversion to total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) of failed hemiarthroplasty (HA) implanted for fractures or fracture-dislocations of the proximal humerus. Materials and methods: We evaluated the clinical and radiographic results in 16 patients who underwent conversion of HA to TSA due to pain and shoulder disfunction. Patients were a mean age of 63 years at revision, which was occurred a mean of 3.3 years after the HA. The main prerequisites for conversion were forward flexion to at least 60 , no massive cuff tear, or severe resorption or nonunion of the tuberosities. In all cases, a modular prothesis was used in the HA, uncemented in 14 and cemented in 2. The latest follow- up was a mean of 4.6 years after revision. Results: The mean Constant score was 50.6 (range, 33-69), with an average increase of 11.9 points compared with the preoperative score (P 1⁄4 .001). In 75% of patients, the mean score was 54.6 (average increase, 15.1 points). The lowest scores occurred in patients with a cemented prosthesis that needed to be removed, and in 1 patient who had loosening of the implanted glenoid that was revised. Conclusions: Conversion of HA to TSA can improve the preoperative condition in most patients aged in their 50s or 60s in the absence of rotator cuff deficiency and severe bone loss of the proximal humerus.
|Titolo:||Total Shoulder Arthroplasty for the treatment of failed hemiarthroplasty in patients with fractures of the proximal humerus|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|