: The in-silico strategy of identifying novel uses for already existing drugs, known as drug repositioning, has enhanced drug discovery. Previous studies have shown a positive correlation between expression changes induced by the anticancer agent trabectedin and those caused by irinotecan, a topoisomerase I inhibitor. Leveraging the availability of transcriptional datasets, we developed a general in-silico drug-repositioning approach that we applied to investigate novel trabectedin synergisms. We set a workflow allowing the identification of genes selectively modulated by a drug and possible novel drug interactions. To show its effectiveness, we selected trabectedin as a case-study drug. We retrieved eight transcriptional cancer datasets including controls and samples treated with trabectedin or its analog lurbinectedin. We compared gene signature associated with each dataset to the 476,251 signatures from the Connectivity Map database. The most significant connections referred to mitomycin-c, topoisomerase II inhibitors, a PKC inhibitor, a Chk1 inhibitor, an antifungal agent, and an antagonist of the glutamate receptor. Genes coherently modulated by the drugs were involved in cell cycle, PPARalpha, and Rho GTPases pathways. Our in-silico approach for drug synergism identification showed that trabectedin modulates specific pathways that are shared with other drugs, suggesting possible synergisms.

In-Silico Identification of Novel Pharmacological Synergisms: The Trabectedin Case

D'Incalci, Maurizio;
2024-01-01

Abstract

: The in-silico strategy of identifying novel uses for already existing drugs, known as drug repositioning, has enhanced drug discovery. Previous studies have shown a positive correlation between expression changes induced by the anticancer agent trabectedin and those caused by irinotecan, a topoisomerase I inhibitor. Leveraging the availability of transcriptional datasets, we developed a general in-silico drug-repositioning approach that we applied to investigate novel trabectedin synergisms. We set a workflow allowing the identification of genes selectively modulated by a drug and possible novel drug interactions. To show its effectiveness, we selected trabectedin as a case-study drug. We retrieved eight transcriptional cancer datasets including controls and samples treated with trabectedin or its analog lurbinectedin. We compared gene signature associated with each dataset to the 476,251 signatures from the Connectivity Map database. The most significant connections referred to mitomycin-c, topoisomerase II inhibitors, a PKC inhibitor, a Chk1 inhibitor, an antifungal agent, and an antagonist of the glutamate receptor. Genes coherently modulated by the drugs were involved in cell cycle, PPARalpha, and Rho GTPases pathways. Our in-silico approach for drug synergism identification showed that trabectedin modulates specific pathways that are shared with other drugs, suggesting possible synergisms.
2024
drug combination
drug synergism
in-silico drug repositioning
lurbinectedin
trabectedin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/84763
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