: Porto-sinusoidal vascular disorder (PSVD) encompasses a group of vascular disorders characterized by lesions of the portal venules and sinusoids with clinical manifestations ranging from non-specific abnormalities in serum liver enzymes to clinically overt portal hypertension and related complications. Several reports have documented cases of PSVD in patients with systemic autoimmune conditions, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. It is of note that these diseases share specific pathophysiological features with PSVD, including endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation, and molecular signatures. This narrative review aims to summarize the current knowledge on the association between PSVD and systemic autoimmune diseases, emphasizing the importance of promptly recognizing this condition in the rheumatological practice, and highlighting the key aspects where further research is necessary from both pathogenic and clinical perspectives.

The autoimmune landscape of Porto-sinusoidal vascular disorder: What the rheumatologist needs to know

Ceribelli, Angela;De Santis, Maria;Selmi, Carlo;Aghemo, Alessio
2024-01-01

Abstract

: Porto-sinusoidal vascular disorder (PSVD) encompasses a group of vascular disorders characterized by lesions of the portal venules and sinusoids with clinical manifestations ranging from non-specific abnormalities in serum liver enzymes to clinically overt portal hypertension and related complications. Several reports have documented cases of PSVD in patients with systemic autoimmune conditions, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. It is of note that these diseases share specific pathophysiological features with PSVD, including endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation, and molecular signatures. This narrative review aims to summarize the current knowledge on the association between PSVD and systemic autoimmune diseases, emphasizing the importance of promptly recognizing this condition in the rheumatological practice, and highlighting the key aspects where further research is necessary from both pathogenic and clinical perspectives.
2024
Immunology
Nodular regenerative hyperplasia
Non-cirrhotic portal hypertension
Porto-sinusoidal vascular disorder
Systemic sclerosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/85346
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