In the last years, a dramatic amount of research has been performedincreasing the knowledge about the biological mechanism underpinning Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) inflammation, putting B lymphocytes in the center of RA pathogenesis. Nowadays, B cell phenotypes and autoantibodies positivity arose as important biomarkers in early and long-standing disease. Moreover, comparative analysis of peripheral blood and synovial tissue compartments enables the identification of novel physiopathological mechanisms promoting inflammation. In this narrative review we will discuss the biological relevance of B cell derived autoimmunity and in RA course, from disease onset to remission achievement.

The B side of rheumatoid arthritis pathogenesis

Gremese, Elisa
2019-01-01

Abstract

In the last years, a dramatic amount of research has been performedincreasing the knowledge about the biological mechanism underpinning Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) inflammation, putting B lymphocytes in the center of RA pathogenesis. Nowadays, B cell phenotypes and autoantibodies positivity arose as important biomarkers in early and long-standing disease. Moreover, comparative analysis of peripheral blood and synovial tissue compartments enables the identification of novel physiopathological mechanisms promoting inflammation. In this narrative review we will discuss the biological relevance of B cell derived autoimmunity and in RA course, from disease onset to remission achievement.
2019
Autoantibodies
B lymphocytes
Biomarkers
Peripheral Blood
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Synovial tissue
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/85635
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