Introduction: Available treatments for colorectal cancer are limited. However, in the last few years several advances and new treatment options became available and expanded the continuum of care in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Areas covered: Fruquintinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been shown to be effective in heavily pretreated mCRC progressing to trifluridine-tipiracil (FTD/TPI) or regorafenib or both. Preclinical studies have shown that fruquintinib inhibits with high selectivity VEGFR 1-2-3, leading to a blockade in angiogenesis process, but also acts, with weak inhibition, on RET, FGFR-1, and c-kit kinases. Fruquintinib demonstrated good efficacy and tolerance in chemorefractory mCRC in two phase III trial: FRESCO and FRESCO 2. These results led to FDA approval of fruquintinib for pretreated mCRC patients who received prior fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin-, and irinotecan-based chemotherapy. Expert opinion: Fruquintinib is a valid therapeutic option for heavily pretreated mCRC patients. However, an optimal sequence of treatments is yet to be defined. In this review, we propose an algorithm for later lines of treatment to integrate fruquintinib as a standard of care together with the new therapeutic combinations that recently showed clinical benefit for chemorefractory mCRC, in both molecularly selected (e.g. KRASG12C or HER2 amplification) and in non-oncogenic driven patients.

Fruquintinib as new treatment option in metastatic colorectal cancer patients: is there an optimal sequence?

Santoro, Armando
2024-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Available treatments for colorectal cancer are limited. However, in the last few years several advances and new treatment options became available and expanded the continuum of care in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Areas covered: Fruquintinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been shown to be effective in heavily pretreated mCRC progressing to trifluridine-tipiracil (FTD/TPI) or regorafenib or both. Preclinical studies have shown that fruquintinib inhibits with high selectivity VEGFR 1-2-3, leading to a blockade in angiogenesis process, but also acts, with weak inhibition, on RET, FGFR-1, and c-kit kinases. Fruquintinib demonstrated good efficacy and tolerance in chemorefractory mCRC in two phase III trial: FRESCO and FRESCO 2. These results led to FDA approval of fruquintinib for pretreated mCRC patients who received prior fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin-, and irinotecan-based chemotherapy. Expert opinion: Fruquintinib is a valid therapeutic option for heavily pretreated mCRC patients. However, an optimal sequence of treatments is yet to be defined. In this review, we propose an algorithm for later lines of treatment to integrate fruquintinib as a standard of care together with the new therapeutic combinations that recently showed clinical benefit for chemorefractory mCRC, in both molecularly selected (e.g. KRASG12C or HER2 amplification) and in non-oncogenic driven patients.
2024
Metastatic colorectal cancer
VEGFR 1-2-3
angiogenesis
chemorefractory
fruquintinib
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/85943
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