BACKGROUND: The possible mechanisms by which beta-adrenergic antagonists may act on the neural regulation of the cardiovascular system are still elusive. Recent studies reported a marked increase of postganglionic muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) after acute beta-blockade associated with unchanged values of arterial blood pressure and baroreflex sensitivity. We tested the hypothesis that acute beta-blockade might also alter the oscillatory characteristics of MSNA, thus decreasing its effectiveness on peripheral vasoconstriction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 11 healthy volunteers, ECG, MSNA, arterial pressure, and respiration were recorded before and after atenolol (0.05 mg/kg IV bolus) administration. The frequency distribution of RR interval, MSNA, systolic arterial pressure (SAP), and respiratory variability was assessed by spectrum and cross-spectrum analysis. Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (alpha-index) and plasma catecholamines (high-performance liquid chromatography) were measured. Atenolol induced a significant increase in RR interval (14.3+/-1.6%) with no changes in systolic and diastolic arterial pressure. MSNA increased (42+/-13% from 18+/-2 bursts per minute). The low-frequency (LF) component of RR and MSNA variability decreased (-44+/-7% and -24+/-5%, respectively), whereas the high-frequency (HF) component increased (163+/-55% and 34+/-11%, respectively), expressed in normalized units. Spectral coherence, an index of oscillatory coupling, decreased between LF(RR) and LF(MSNA), whereas it increased between HF(MSNA) and HF(Resp). SAP variability, alpha-index, and plasma catecholamines remained unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Atenolol induced a change in MSNA frequency distribution reflecting a stronger respiratory coupling. This shift toward high frequency, despite an increase in MSNA, may lead to a less efficient sympathetic vasomotor modulation.

Acute β-blockade increases muscle sympathetic activity and modifies its frequency distribution

R. Furlan
2004

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The possible mechanisms by which beta-adrenergic antagonists may act on the neural regulation of the cardiovascular system are still elusive. Recent studies reported a marked increase of postganglionic muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) after acute beta-blockade associated with unchanged values of arterial blood pressure and baroreflex sensitivity. We tested the hypothesis that acute beta-blockade might also alter the oscillatory characteristics of MSNA, thus decreasing its effectiveness on peripheral vasoconstriction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 11 healthy volunteers, ECG, MSNA, arterial pressure, and respiration were recorded before and after atenolol (0.05 mg/kg IV bolus) administration. The frequency distribution of RR interval, MSNA, systolic arterial pressure (SAP), and respiratory variability was assessed by spectrum and cross-spectrum analysis. Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (alpha-index) and plasma catecholamines (high-performance liquid chromatography) were measured. Atenolol induced a significant increase in RR interval (14.3+/-1.6%) with no changes in systolic and diastolic arterial pressure. MSNA increased (42+/-13% from 18+/-2 bursts per minute). The low-frequency (LF) component of RR and MSNA variability decreased (-44+/-7% and -24+/-5%, respectively), whereas the high-frequency (HF) component increased (163+/-55% and 34+/-11%, respectively), expressed in normalized units. Spectral coherence, an index of oscillatory coupling, decreased between LF(RR) and LF(MSNA), whereas it increased between HF(MSNA) and HF(Resp). SAP variability, alpha-index, and plasma catecholamines remained unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Atenolol induced a change in MSNA frequency distribution reflecting a stronger respiratory coupling. This shift toward high frequency, despite an increase in MSNA, may lead to a less efficient sympathetic vasomotor modulation.
Adrenergic β-antagonists; Baroreceptors; Nervous system; autonomic; sympathetic
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/9463
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