Background Osteoporosis is a common complication in chronic cholestasis. It has been proposed that retained substances such as bile acids may produce a damaging effect on bone cells. This study analyses the effects of lithocholic acid (LCA) on cell survival and vitamin D metabolism in human osteoblasts (hOB). Materials and methods Human osteoblasts cultures were performed with or without foetal bovine serum (FBS) or human albumin (HA) at different LCA concentrations and times with or without vitamin D. Results Lithocholic acid at concentrations higher than 10 -5M decreased cell survival. This effect was partially prevented by the presence of FBS or HA. Vitamin D stimulated CYP24A, BGLAP and TNFSF11 expression in hOB and these effects were modified by nontoxic LCA concentrations. LCA significantly decreased vitamin D stimulation of CYP24A, BGLAP and TNFSF11 gene expression at 72%, 79% and 56% (respectively). LCA alone has an agonistic effect, as has vitamin D, thus partially increasing CYP24A and BGLAP expression, but with no changes on TNFRSF11B expression. Equivalent effects of the LCA were observed by performing gene reporter assays using MG-63 cells transfected with constructs containing CYP24A1 promoter regions. Conclusions Lithocholic acid decreases the stimulatory effect of vitamin D on CYP24A, BGLAP and TNFSF11 expression in hOB. This effect is produced through vitamin D response elements (VDREs), located in the promoter regions of these genes, suggesting that LCA acts as a mild analogous of vitamin D, interacting with the vitamin D receptor. These results may explain the potential deleterious effects of retained bile acids on hOB.
|Titolo:||Inflammatory chemokine clearance mediated by the decoy receptor d6 regulates myeloid cells accumulation in tumor-bearing mice|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.5 Abstract in rivista|