There is a pathophysiological and clinical link between atherosclerosis and skeletal fragility. Abdominal aortic calcifications (AACs) can be considered as a marker of coexistent atherosclerotic disease and osteoporosis. Indeed, AACs have been associated with alterations in bone strength and severe AACs predicted vertebral fractures in post-menopausal women and older men, independent of densitometric diagnosis of osteoporosis. Although quantitative computed tomography is the gold standard for evaluation of AACs, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry can be considered as a cost-effective tool to identify and quantify AACs in clinical practice. This article provides an update on diagnostic aspects and clinical relevance of AACs as predictor of fractures in patients at high cardiovascular risk.

Abdominal Aortic Calcification as a Marker of Relationship Between Atherosclerosis and Skeletal Fragility

Mazziotti, G;Ferrante, G;
2020

Abstract

There is a pathophysiological and clinical link between atherosclerosis and skeletal fragility. Abdominal aortic calcifications (AACs) can be considered as a marker of coexistent atherosclerotic disease and osteoporosis. Indeed, AACs have been associated with alterations in bone strength and severe AACs predicted vertebral fractures in post-menopausal women and older men, independent of densitometric diagnosis of osteoporosis. Although quantitative computed tomography is the gold standard for evaluation of AACs, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry can be considered as a cost-effective tool to identify and quantify AACs in clinical practice. This article provides an update on diagnostic aspects and clinical relevance of AACs as predictor of fractures in patients at high cardiovascular risk.
Vascular calcification
bone mineral density
cardiovascular risk
osteoporosis
vertebral fractures
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/48121
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