Hospital Operating Rooms (ORs) are working spaces which demand an utmost clean air environment for enhancing both the safety and the comfort conditions of medical staff and patients, in order to reduce the risk of post-operative complications. In this context, an integrated experimental-numerical thermo-fluid dynamic study has been carried out in the present work, to investigate air contamination due to UltraFine Particles (UFPs) inside an actual, but unoccupied, OR, equipped with a laminar air flow system, located near Milan in Northern Italy. The UFPs considered in the present study are geometrically representative of surgical smoke and SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) virus particles. The flow and thermal fields in the OR have been calculated by using the Realizable k-? turbulence model. A transient passive scalar species transport equation, based on the drift flux model, has been implemented along with the particle deposition boundary conditions at the OR walls, to analyze the UFPs concentration within the OR. The numerical model has been used, after validation against experimental data, to reproduce the quantities of interest in the OR. Moreover, type A and type B uncertainties have been associated to the experimental measurements. The velocity and temperature fields in the OR, obtained from both the numerical and experimental analysis, are compliant to the technical standards. A good agreement is observed between experimental and numerical results, in terms of velocity, temperature and UFPs concentration. A time of 19 min to completely evacuate UFPs from the OR has been obtained from both experimental and numerical analysis, with a deviation smaller than 2% between the results.

Air contamination inside an actual operating room due to ultrafine particles: An experimental-numerical thermo-fluid dynamic study

Romano, Mario
Conceptualization
2021

Abstract

Hospital Operating Rooms (ORs) are working spaces which demand an utmost clean air environment for enhancing both the safety and the comfort conditions of medical staff and patients, in order to reduce the risk of post-operative complications. In this context, an integrated experimental-numerical thermo-fluid dynamic study has been carried out in the present work, to investigate air contamination due to UltraFine Particles (UFPs) inside an actual, but unoccupied, OR, equipped with a laminar air flow system, located near Milan in Northern Italy. The UFPs considered in the present study are geometrically representative of surgical smoke and SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) virus particles. The flow and thermal fields in the OR have been calculated by using the Realizable k-? turbulence model. A transient passive scalar species transport equation, based on the drift flux model, has been implemented along with the particle deposition boundary conditions at the OR walls, to analyze the UFPs concentration within the OR. The numerical model has been used, after validation against experimental data, to reproduce the quantities of interest in the OR. Moreover, type A and type B uncertainties have been associated to the experimental measurements. The velocity and temperature fields in the OR, obtained from both the numerical and experimental analysis, are compliant to the technical standards. A good agreement is observed between experimental and numerical results, in terms of velocity, temperature and UFPs concentration. A time of 19 min to completely evacuate UFPs from the OR has been obtained from both experimental and numerical analysis, with a deviation smaller than 2% between the results.
Operating room
Air contamination
Coronavirus
COVID-19
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
Ultrafine particles concentration
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/57218
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