The impact of the contrast medium on the radiomic textural features (TF) extracted from the CT scan is unclear. We investigated the modification of TFs of colorectal liver metastases (CLM), peritumoral tissue, and liver parenchyma. One hundred and sixty-two patients with 409 CLMs undergoing resection (2017-2020) into a single institution were considered. We analyzed the following volumes of interest (VOIs): The CLM (Tumor-VOI); a 5-mm parenchyma rim around the CLM (Margin-VOI); and a 2-mL sample of parenchyma distant from CLM (Liver-VOI). Forty-five TFs were extracted from each VOI (LIFEx). Contrast enhancement affected most TFs of the Tumor-VOI (71%) and Margin-VOI (62%), and part of those of the Liver-VOI (44%, p = 0.010). After contrast administration, entropy increased and energy decreased in the Tumor-VOI (0.93 +/- 0.10 vs. 0.85 +/- 0.14 in pre-contrast; 0.14 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.18 +/- 0.04, p < 0.001) and Margin-VOI (0.89 +/- 0.11 vs. 0.85 +/- 0.12; 0.16 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.18 +/- 0.04, p < 0.001), while remaining stable in the Liver-VOI. Comparing the VOIs, pre-contrast Tumor and Margin-VOI had similar entropy and energy (0.85/0.18 for both), while Liver-VOI had lower values (0.76/0.21, p < 0.001). In the portal phase, a gradient was observed (entropy: Tumor > Margin > Liver; energy: Tumor < Margin < Liver, p < 0.001). Contrast enhancement affected TFs of CLM, while it did not modify entropy and energy of parenchyma. TFs of the peritumoral tissue had modifications similar to the Tumor-VOI despite its radiological aspect being equal to non-tumoral parenchyma.

Contrast Administration Impacts CT-Based Radiomics of Colorectal Liver Metastases and Non-Tumoral Liver Parenchyma Revealing the "Radiological" Tumour Microenvironment

Sollini, Martina;Politi, Letterio S;Torzilli, Guido;Chiti, Arturo;Viganò, Luca
2021

Abstract

The impact of the contrast medium on the radiomic textural features (TF) extracted from the CT scan is unclear. We investigated the modification of TFs of colorectal liver metastases (CLM), peritumoral tissue, and liver parenchyma. One hundred and sixty-two patients with 409 CLMs undergoing resection (2017-2020) into a single institution were considered. We analyzed the following volumes of interest (VOIs): The CLM (Tumor-VOI); a 5-mm parenchyma rim around the CLM (Margin-VOI); and a 2-mL sample of parenchyma distant from CLM (Liver-VOI). Forty-five TFs were extracted from each VOI (LIFEx). Contrast enhancement affected most TFs of the Tumor-VOI (71%) and Margin-VOI (62%), and part of those of the Liver-VOI (44%, p = 0.010). After contrast administration, entropy increased and energy decreased in the Tumor-VOI (0.93 +/- 0.10 vs. 0.85 +/- 0.14 in pre-contrast; 0.14 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.18 +/- 0.04, p < 0.001) and Margin-VOI (0.89 +/- 0.11 vs. 0.85 +/- 0.12; 0.16 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.18 +/- 0.04, p < 0.001), while remaining stable in the Liver-VOI. Comparing the VOIs, pre-contrast Tumor and Margin-VOI had similar entropy and energy (0.85/0.18 for both), while Liver-VOI had lower values (0.76/0.21, p < 0.001). In the portal phase, a gradient was observed (entropy: Tumor > Margin > Liver; energy: Tumor < Margin < Liver, p < 0.001). Contrast enhancement affected TFs of CLM, while it did not modify entropy and energy of parenchyma. TFs of the peritumoral tissue had modifications similar to the Tumor-VOI despite its radiological aspect being equal to non-tumoral parenchyma.
colorectal liver metastases
computed tomography
contrast medium
radiomics
texture analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/62244
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