Silicone oil is an established intraocular surgical aid, which enables the treatment of the most complex starting situations but no other alternative has been found; however, the available data indicate that an unclear loss of visual acuity during or after an intraocular silicone oil tamponade possibly occurs more frequently than assumed from the clinical routine. Various pathological mechanisms are under discussion as causes, but the exact causes are actually unclear. In addition to atrophic alterations in the optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination, there are a clear reduction in visual acuity and mostly a central scotoma with otherwise inconspicuous findings. Unclear loss of visual acuity can also occur after removal of the silicone oil. Whether this is caused by the same pathological mechanism is unclear. Furthermore, there are no reproducible risk factors that appear a priori to possibly cause an unclear loss of vision under silicone oil; however, oil removal as soon as possible and a good adjustment of the intraocular pressure are recommended by the authors. Overall, a silicone oil tamponade should be carefully weighed up even when using modern highly purified silicone oils and it should therefore continue to be reserved particularly for unfavorable initial situations or complicated courses with the necessity for a silicone oil tamponade. Against this background, a study for systematic recording and processing of cases of unclear loss of visual acuity after silicone oil tamponade seems to be meaningful.

[Visual acuity reduction and silicone oil tamponade]

Romano, Mario;
2022

Abstract

Silicone oil is an established intraocular surgical aid, which enables the treatment of the most complex starting situations but no other alternative has been found; however, the available data indicate that an unclear loss of visual acuity during or after an intraocular silicone oil tamponade possibly occurs more frequently than assumed from the clinical routine. Various pathological mechanisms are under discussion as causes, but the exact causes are actually unclear. In addition to atrophic alterations in the optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination, there are a clear reduction in visual acuity and mostly a central scotoma with otherwise inconspicuous findings. Unclear loss of visual acuity can also occur after removal of the silicone oil. Whether this is caused by the same pathological mechanism is unclear. Furthermore, there are no reproducible risk factors that appear a priori to possibly cause an unclear loss of vision under silicone oil; however, oil removal as soon as possible and a good adjustment of the intraocular pressure are recommended by the authors. Overall, a silicone oil tamponade should be carefully weighed up even when using modern highly purified silicone oils and it should therefore continue to be reserved particularly for unfavorable initial situations or complicated courses with the necessity for a silicone oil tamponade. Against this background, a study for systematic recording and processing of cases of unclear loss of visual acuity after silicone oil tamponade seems to be meaningful.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/68782
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact