: Recently, the impact of patients' eating habits on both breast cancer (BC) management and inflammation have been proven. Here, we investigated whether inflammatory habits could correlate with baseline bowel [18]F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake and the latter, in turn, with pathological Complete Response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). We included stage I-III BC undergoing standard NAC at IRCCS Humanitas Research Hospital, Italy. Patients fulfilled a survey concerning eating/lifestyle behaviors and performed a staging [18]F-FDG positrone emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). In the absence of data on the effects of individual foods, we aggregated drink and food intake for their known inflammatory properties. Data were recorded for 82 women (median age, 48). We found positive correlations between colon mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) and pro-inflammatory drinks (alcohol and spirits; r = +0.33, p < 0.01) and foods (red and cured meats; r = +0.25, p = 0.04), and a significant negative correlation between rectum SUVmean and anti-inflammatory foods (fruits and vegetables; r = -0.23, p = 0.04). Furthermore, colon SUVmean was significantly lower in patients with pCR compared to non pCR (p = 0.02). Our study showed, for the first time, that patients' eating habits affected bowel [18]F-FDG uptake and that colon SUVmean correlated with pCR, suggesting that PET scan could be an instrument for identifying patients presenting unhealthy behaviors.

The Relationship among Bowel [18]F-FDG PET Uptake, Pathological Complete Response, and Eating Habits in Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Chiti, Arturo;Santoro, Armando;De Sanctis, Rita
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Recently, the impact of patients' eating habits on both breast cancer (BC) management and inflammation have been proven. Here, we investigated whether inflammatory habits could correlate with baseline bowel [18]F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake and the latter, in turn, with pathological Complete Response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). We included stage I-III BC undergoing standard NAC at IRCCS Humanitas Research Hospital, Italy. Patients fulfilled a survey concerning eating/lifestyle behaviors and performed a staging [18]F-FDG positrone emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). In the absence of data on the effects of individual foods, we aggregated drink and food intake for their known inflammatory properties. Data were recorded for 82 women (median age, 48). We found positive correlations between colon mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) and pro-inflammatory drinks (alcohol and spirits; r = +0.33, p < 0.01) and foods (red and cured meats; r = +0.25, p = 0.04), and a significant negative correlation between rectum SUVmean and anti-inflammatory foods (fruits and vegetables; r = -0.23, p = 0.04). Furthermore, colon SUVmean was significantly lower in patients with pCR compared to non pCR (p = 0.02). Our study showed, for the first time, that patients' eating habits affected bowel [18]F-FDG uptake and that colon SUVmean correlated with pCR, suggesting that PET scan could be an instrument for identifying patients presenting unhealthy behaviors.
bowel [18]F-FDG PET uptake
bowel inflammation
breast cancer
neoadjuvant chemotherapy
nutrition
pathologic complete response
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/71462
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact