: PET/MRI has been reported to be promising in the diagnosis and evaluation of infection and inflammation including brain disorders, bone and soft tissue infections and inflammations, cardiovascular, abdominal, and systemic diseases. However, evidence came out manly from anecdotal cases or small cohorts. The present review aimed to update the latest available evidence about the role of PET/MRI in infection and inflammation. The search (January, 1 2018-July, 8 2022) on PubMed produced 504 results. Sixty-five articles were selected and included in the qualitative synthesis. The number of publications on PET/MRI in the 3 years 2018-2020 was comparable, while it increased in 2021 and 2022 (from 11 to 17 and 15, respectively). [18F]FDG and 68Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 were the most frequently used (42/65) and innovative radiopharmaceuticals, respectively. [18F]fluoride (9/65), translocator protein (TSPO)-targeted PET agents (6/65), CXCR4 receptor targeting tracer and β-amyloid plaques binding radiopharmaceuticals (2/65 and 2/65, respectively) were also used. Most PET/MRI studies in the period 2018-2022 focused on inflammation (55/65), and cardiovascular diseases represented the most frequent field of interest (30/65), also when considering each year singularly. An increasing trend in bone and joint publications was observed in the considered period (12/65). Other topics included neurology (11/65), inflammatory bowel disease (8/65), and other (4/65). PET/MRI technology demonstrated to be useful in infection and inflammation, being superior to each single modality and/or facilitating diagnosis in a number of conditions (eg, cardiac sarcoidosis, myocarditis, endocarditis), and/or allowing to provide insightful information about disease biology and apply innovative radiopharmaceuticals (eg, neurology, atherosclerosis). Publications focused on PET/MRI in large vessel vasculitis and aortic diseases include both diagnostic and discovery objectives. The current review corroborates the potential of PET/MRI - combining in a single examination the high soft tissue contrast, high resolution, and functional information of MRI, with molecular data provided by PET technology - to positively impact on the management of infectious diseases and inflammatory conditions.

Hybrid PET/MRI in Infection and Inflammation: An Update About the Latest Available Literature Evidence

Kirienko, Margarita;Chiti, Arturo
;
Sollini, Martina
2023-01-01

Abstract

: PET/MRI has been reported to be promising in the diagnosis and evaluation of infection and inflammation including brain disorders, bone and soft tissue infections and inflammations, cardiovascular, abdominal, and systemic diseases. However, evidence came out manly from anecdotal cases or small cohorts. The present review aimed to update the latest available evidence about the role of PET/MRI in infection and inflammation. The search (January, 1 2018-July, 8 2022) on PubMed produced 504 results. Sixty-five articles were selected and included in the qualitative synthesis. The number of publications on PET/MRI in the 3 years 2018-2020 was comparable, while it increased in 2021 and 2022 (from 11 to 17 and 15, respectively). [18F]FDG and 68Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 were the most frequently used (42/65) and innovative radiopharmaceuticals, respectively. [18F]fluoride (9/65), translocator protein (TSPO)-targeted PET agents (6/65), CXCR4 receptor targeting tracer and β-amyloid plaques binding radiopharmaceuticals (2/65 and 2/65, respectively) were also used. Most PET/MRI studies in the period 2018-2022 focused on inflammation (55/65), and cardiovascular diseases represented the most frequent field of interest (30/65), also when considering each year singularly. An increasing trend in bone and joint publications was observed in the considered period (12/65). Other topics included neurology (11/65), inflammatory bowel disease (8/65), and other (4/65). PET/MRI technology demonstrated to be useful in infection and inflammation, being superior to each single modality and/or facilitating diagnosis in a number of conditions (eg, cardiac sarcoidosis, myocarditis, endocarditis), and/or allowing to provide insightful information about disease biology and apply innovative radiopharmaceuticals (eg, neurology, atherosclerosis). Publications focused on PET/MRI in large vessel vasculitis and aortic diseases include both diagnostic and discovery objectives. The current review corroborates the potential of PET/MRI - combining in a single examination the high soft tissue contrast, high resolution, and functional information of MRI, with molecular data provided by PET technology - to positively impact on the management of infectious diseases and inflammatory conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/72012
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