Purpose: Radiomics of vertebral bone structure is a promising technique for identification of osteoporosis. We aimed at assessing the accuracy of machine learning in identifying physiological changes related to subjects' sex and age through analysis of radiomics features from CT images of lumbar vertebrae, and define its generalizability across different scanners. Materials and methods: We annotated spherical volumes-of-interest (VOIs) in the center of the vertebral body for each lumbar vertebra in 233 subjects who had undergone lumbar CT for back pain on 3 different scanners, and we evaluated radiomics features from each VOI. Subjects with history of bone metabolism disorders, cancer, and vertebral fractures were excluded. We performed machine learning classification and regression models to identify subjects' sex and age respectively, and we computed a voting model which combined predictions. Results: The model was trained on 173 subjects and tested on an internal validation dataset of 60. Radiomics was able to identify subjects' sex within single CT scanner (ROC AUC: up to 0.9714), with lower performance on the combined dataset of the 3 scanners (ROC AUC: 0.5545). Higher consistency among different scanners was found in identification of subjects' age (R2 0.568 on all scanners, MAD 7.232 years), with highest results on a single CT scanner (R2 0.667, MAD 3.296 years). Conclusion: Radiomics features are able to extract biometric data from lumbar trabecular bone, and determine bone modifications related to subjects' sex and age with great accuracy. However, acquisition from different CT scanners reduces the accuracy of the analysis.

CT-based radiomics can identify physiological modifications of bone structure related to subjects' age and sex

Riva, Marco;Mazziotti, Gherardo;Politi, Letterio S
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: Radiomics of vertebral bone structure is a promising technique for identification of osteoporosis. We aimed at assessing the accuracy of machine learning in identifying physiological changes related to subjects' sex and age through analysis of radiomics features from CT images of lumbar vertebrae, and define its generalizability across different scanners. Materials and methods: We annotated spherical volumes-of-interest (VOIs) in the center of the vertebral body for each lumbar vertebra in 233 subjects who had undergone lumbar CT for back pain on 3 different scanners, and we evaluated radiomics features from each VOI. Subjects with history of bone metabolism disorders, cancer, and vertebral fractures were excluded. We performed machine learning classification and regression models to identify subjects' sex and age respectively, and we computed a voting model which combined predictions. Results: The model was trained on 173 subjects and tested on an internal validation dataset of 60. Radiomics was able to identify subjects' sex within single CT scanner (ROC AUC: up to 0.9714), with lower performance on the combined dataset of the 3 scanners (ROC AUC: 0.5545). Higher consistency among different scanners was found in identification of subjects' age (R2 0.568 on all scanners, MAD 7.232 years), with highest results on a single CT scanner (R2 0.667, MAD 3.296 years). Conclusion: Radiomics features are able to extract biometric data from lumbar trabecular bone, and determine bone modifications related to subjects' sex and age with great accuracy. However, acquisition from different CT scanners reduces the accuracy of the analysis.
2023
Computed tomography
Lumbar vertebrae
Radiomics
Tissue characterization
Trabecular bone structure
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/73042
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