Background: This prospective single-arm study is designed to compare in parallel 68Ga-PSMA PET/TRUS (transrectal or transperineal) fusion biopsy ("experimental test") with multiparametric MRI (mpMRI)/TRUS fusion prostate biopsy ("standard test") in men with a high suspicion of prostate cancer (PCa) after at least one negative biopsy. The primary objective was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 68Ga-PSMA PET/TRUS fusion prostate biopsy in comparison to mpMRI/TRUS fusion prostate biopsy analyzed in parallel. Secondarily, we aimed to determine the relationship between the "experimental test" and the histopathological characteristics of the specimen, along with the clinical utility of the "experimental test" compared to the "standard test." Summary: To test the superiority of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT compared to mpMRI, we will enroll a minimum cohort of 128 patients. Inclusion criteria comprise: age >18 years; blood PSA level >4.0 ng/mL; free-to-total PSA ratio <20%; progressive rise of PSA levels in two consecutive blood samples despite antibiotics; serum blood tests suspicious for PCa; at least one previous negative biopsy; ASAP and/or high-grade PIN; negative digital rectal examination. All eligible patients will undergo 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI scans within 1 month's distance from each other, followed by biopsy session to be completed within 1 month's distance. Targeted TRUS fusion needle biopsy will be performed for all lesions detected with PET and mpMRI. The total duration of the study is 36 months. Key messages: By comparing the "experimental test" and the "standard test" in parallel, we will be able to determine the superior diagnostic performance of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT over mpMRI in detecting PCa, and in particular clinically significant PCa, in the specific cohort of patients with a high suspicion of PCa who are candidates to re-biopsy. The clinical impact of the "experimental test" will be subsequently analyzed in terms of the number of prostate biopsies that could be spared, time-consuming, patient friendliness, and cost-effectiveness.

Diagnostic Performance and Clinical Impact of PSMA PET/CT versus mpMRI in Patients with a High Suspicion of Prostate Cancer and Previously Negative Biopsy: A Prospective Trial (PROSPET-BX)

Colombo, Piergiuseppe;Guazzoni, Giorgio;Chiti, Arturo;Lughezzani, Giovanni
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: This prospective single-arm study is designed to compare in parallel 68Ga-PSMA PET/TRUS (transrectal or transperineal) fusion biopsy ("experimental test") with multiparametric MRI (mpMRI)/TRUS fusion prostate biopsy ("standard test") in men with a high suspicion of prostate cancer (PCa) after at least one negative biopsy. The primary objective was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 68Ga-PSMA PET/TRUS fusion prostate biopsy in comparison to mpMRI/TRUS fusion prostate biopsy analyzed in parallel. Secondarily, we aimed to determine the relationship between the "experimental test" and the histopathological characteristics of the specimen, along with the clinical utility of the "experimental test" compared to the "standard test." Summary: To test the superiority of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT compared to mpMRI, we will enroll a minimum cohort of 128 patients. Inclusion criteria comprise: age >18 years; blood PSA level >4.0 ng/mL; free-to-total PSA ratio <20%; progressive rise of PSA levels in two consecutive blood samples despite antibiotics; serum blood tests suspicious for PCa; at least one previous negative biopsy; ASAP and/or high-grade PIN; negative digital rectal examination. All eligible patients will undergo 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI scans within 1 month's distance from each other, followed by biopsy session to be completed within 1 month's distance. Targeted TRUS fusion needle biopsy will be performed for all lesions detected with PET and mpMRI. The total duration of the study is 36 months. Key messages: By comparing the "experimental test" and the "standard test" in parallel, we will be able to determine the superior diagnostic performance of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT over mpMRI in detecting PCa, and in particular clinically significant PCa, in the specific cohort of patients with a high suspicion of PCa who are candidates to re-biopsy. The clinical impact of the "experimental test" will be subsequently analyzed in terms of the number of prostate biopsies that could be spared, time-consuming, patient friendliness, and cost-effectiveness.
2023
68Ga-PSMA PET/CT
Clinically significant cancer
Diagnostic accuracy
Multiparametric MRI
Primary diagnosis
Prostate biopsy
Prostate cancer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/73184
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