Background: The gold standard approach for surgical treatment of benign and malignant adrenal lesion is considered the laparoscopic one, due to a lot of advantages compared to open approach. The rapid propagation of this surgical technique is due to the diffusion of haemostatic devices in laparoscopic adrenal surgery. The principal aim of this study is to analyze the outcome of LA using each energy modality, evaluating the eventual superiority of an instrument over the others. Methods: A retrospective study, involving 75 consecutive patients submitted to LA by transperitoneal lateral approach from January 2013 to June 2017, was performed. Age less than 70 years old, adrenal adenomas less than 8 cm in diameter, incidentalomas < 6 cm, myelolipomas < 13 cm, adrenal metastases < 7 cm and ASA score ≤ III were the main surgical inclusion criteria. All involved patients were divided into three group, one for each energy device: group 1 - Harmonic Scalpel, group 2 - Ligasure vessel sealing system and group 3 - Thunderbeat. In each group only one device was applied for dissection and haemostasis during the whole operation. Each group consisted of 25 patients, well matched for histology, tumor size and site, gender and age. The following parameters were collected: age, gender, size of the tumor, side of the affected gland, pathology, operating time, intraoperative blood losses, hospitalization time, complication and conversion rate. Results: There was no significant statistical difference between groups regarding the relationship between male/female, right site/left site, the mean age, hospitalization time and the tumor size (p > 0.05). Significant statistical difference are detectable in operation time and intraoperative blood losses. Thunderbeat, compared respectively with Ligasure and Harmonic Scalpel, is the fastest device (p < 0,001). The second faster device resulted Harmonic Scalpel, which meanly reduced the operation time compared to Ligasure (p = 0.048). intraoperative blood losses are reduced using Thunderbeat (p < 0,001) and HS (p = 0.006) compared to Ligasure, but between Thunderbeat and Harmonic Scalpel there isn't significant statistical difference (p = 0.178). Conclusions: Analyzing the results, laparoscopic adrenalectomy carried out using Thunderbeat appeared to show a statistically significant decrease in operation time and intraoperative blood losses compared with laparoscopic adrenalectomy performed using Harmonic Scalpel and Ligasure, while hospitalization time was superimposable in all groups. According to our data, a responsible use of advanced energy devices can improve surgical outcomes guarantying a cost savings and patient's satisfaction.

The impact of the ultrasonic, bipolar and integrated energy devices in the adrenal gland surgery: Literature review and our experience

Romano R. M.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background: The gold standard approach for surgical treatment of benign and malignant adrenal lesion is considered the laparoscopic one, due to a lot of advantages compared to open approach. The rapid propagation of this surgical technique is due to the diffusion of haemostatic devices in laparoscopic adrenal surgery. The principal aim of this study is to analyze the outcome of LA using each energy modality, evaluating the eventual superiority of an instrument over the others. Methods: A retrospective study, involving 75 consecutive patients submitted to LA by transperitoneal lateral approach from January 2013 to June 2017, was performed. Age less than 70 years old, adrenal adenomas less than 8 cm in diameter, incidentalomas < 6 cm, myelolipomas < 13 cm, adrenal metastases < 7 cm and ASA score ≤ III were the main surgical inclusion criteria. All involved patients were divided into three group, one for each energy device: group 1 - Harmonic Scalpel, group 2 - Ligasure vessel sealing system and group 3 - Thunderbeat. In each group only one device was applied for dissection and haemostasis during the whole operation. Each group consisted of 25 patients, well matched for histology, tumor size and site, gender and age. The following parameters were collected: age, gender, size of the tumor, side of the affected gland, pathology, operating time, intraoperative blood losses, hospitalization time, complication and conversion rate. Results: There was no significant statistical difference between groups regarding the relationship between male/female, right site/left site, the mean age, hospitalization time and the tumor size (p > 0.05). Significant statistical difference are detectable in operation time and intraoperative blood losses. Thunderbeat, compared respectively with Ligasure and Harmonic Scalpel, is the fastest device (p < 0,001). The second faster device resulted Harmonic Scalpel, which meanly reduced the operation time compared to Ligasure (p = 0.048). intraoperative blood losses are reduced using Thunderbeat (p < 0,001) and HS (p = 0.006) compared to Ligasure, but between Thunderbeat and Harmonic Scalpel there isn't significant statistical difference (p = 0.178). Conclusions: Analyzing the results, laparoscopic adrenalectomy carried out using Thunderbeat appeared to show a statistically significant decrease in operation time and intraoperative blood losses compared with laparoscopic adrenalectomy performed using Harmonic Scalpel and Ligasure, while hospitalization time was superimposable in all groups. According to our data, a responsible use of advanced energy devices can improve surgical outcomes guarantying a cost savings and patient's satisfaction.
2019
Harmonic Focus
Hemostatic devices
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy
Ligasure
Minimally invasive adrenalectomy
Thunderbeat
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms
Adrenal Glands
Adrenalectomy
Adult
Aged
Blood Loss
Surgical
Dissection
Female
Humans
Laparoscopy
Male
Middle Aged
Myelolipoma
Operative Time
Retrospective Studies
Surgical Instruments
Ultrasonics
Young Adult
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/73882
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